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Runic Tunic (Rune Instructions)

Due to limits on blog post sizes, I had to create a separate post for the individual Rune Instructions.


For the free Runic Tunic instructions, check out the first blog post here.






I used the website https://omniglot.com/writing/futhorc.htm as my source for rune meanings and sounds, but rune lists are inconsistent as they were never standardized. As such, there can be differences between what I list here and what you may find in other sources.


Not all sounds in Old English and Modern English match up perfectly, so I used my linguistics background to make them match as logically as possible.



Runes

Meanings & Information

Runes served as both an alphabet and a set of mystical symbols for the Germanic peoples of Northern and Western Europe. The runes of the British Isles, called Anglo-Saxon or Futhorc runes, served similar purposes. As such, when choosing the runes to use in your own pullover, you have a few options.

  • Select an assortment of runes whose meanings are special. This could be a handful of them that are repeated around the yoke, or fill in all the slots with a different rune.

  • Runes would have been used to spell out a word or just stand for the word itself. For example, you could spell out the word “beorc” (“birch”) as ᛒᛇᚱᚳ or just use the “beorc” rune ᛒ by itself.

  • Use the suggested transliteration for each rune to spell out your own words, phrases, quotes, or sayings in Modern English. For longer phrases, you can omit spaces between words just so you can maximize the number of rune slots in your yoke (this was done on actual artifacts, so it’ll still look authentic).

  • Use the suggested list or find some words or phrases online in Old English and arrange those runes in the rune band.

Each rune is listed with its meaning, sound, and equivalent Modern English.

Instruction Notes

  • All rune blocks are 8 stitches by 14 rows.

  • All even-numbered (WS) rows work hdc in each stitch across in the contrasting color.

  • All post stitches (FPdc, FPtr, etc.) will be worked as follows:

  • Around the next unworked post stitch two rows below unless otherwise stated.

  • Using the main color.

  • Skip the hdc behind them.


Feoh - “Wealth”

[f/v]

Modern “F” or “V”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

7 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

7 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

5 hdc, FPtr, hdc, FPdc around same FPdc just worked around.



Row 9

3 hdc, FPtr, 3 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

2 hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPtr, hdc, FPdc around same FPdc just worked around.



Row 13

Hdc, [FPdc, 2 hdc] twice, FPdc.



Ur - “Aurochs”

[u]

Modern “U”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

Hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 5 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

Rep Row 5.



Row 9

2 hdc, FPdc, 4 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

4 hdc, FPtr, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.




Thorn - “Thorn”

[θ/ð]

Modern “Th”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

7 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc around same FPdc just worked around.



Row 7

Hdc, FPdtr, 5 hdc, FPdc.



Row 9

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Row 13

7 hdc, FPdc.



Os - “God”

[o]

Modern “O”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

7 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

7 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

2 hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPtr around same FPdc just worked around, hdc, FPdc.



Row 9

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FPtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Row 11

2 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the left, 2 hdc, FPtr around same hdc just worked, hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FPtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Rad - “Ride”

[r]

Modern “R”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, FPdtr around hdc two rows below and three sts to the right, 2 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc next two posts.



Row 7

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc around same FPdtr/FPdc tog just worked.



Row 9

Hdc, FPdtr, 5 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Cen - “Torch”

[k/t∫]

Modern “C” or “Ch”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

2 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the right, 4 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

4 hdc, FPtr, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Row 9

7 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

Rep Row 9.



Row 13

Rep Row 9.




Gyfu - “Gift”

[g/j]

Modern “G” or “J”

(soft as in “gem” or silent as in “sight”)

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

2 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the right, 3 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the left, hdc.



Row 5

3 hdc, FPdc, hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc.



Row 7

4 hdc, FPdc2tog next two posts, 3 hdc.



Row 9

3 hdc, FPdc, hdc, FPdc around same FPdc2tog just worked, 2 hdc.



Row 11

2 hdc, FPdc, 3 hdc, FPdc, hdc.



Row 13

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FPdc.



Wynn - “Joy”

[w]

Modern “W”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

7 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

7 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc around same FPdc justs worked.



Row 9

Hdc, FPdtr, 5 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Haegl - “Hail”

(greeting)

[h]

Modern “H”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

Hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 5 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below.



Row 5

Hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPdtr around same FPdc just worked, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

Hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPdtr around same FPdc just worked, 2 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Row 9

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Row 11

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FP



Row 13

Rep Row 11.



Nyd - “Need”

[n]

Modern “N”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 3 hdc.



Row 5

3 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the right, FPdc, 3 hdc.



Row 7

4 hdc, FPdc2tog next two posts, 3 hdc.



Row 9

4 hdc, work 2 FPdc around FPdc2tog, 2 hdc.



Row 11

4 hdc, FPdc, hdc, FPdc, hdc.



Row 13

4 hdc, FPdc, 3 hdc.




Is - “Ice”

[i]

Modern “I”

(as in “spice”)

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 3 hdc.



Row 5

4 hdc, FPdc, 3 hdc.



Row 7

Rep Row 5.



Row 9

Rep Row 5.



Row 11

Rep Row 5.



Row 13

Rep Row 5.



Ger - “Year”

[j]

Modern “Y”

(as in “yes” or “yet”)

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 3 hdc.



Row 5

3 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the right, FPdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the left, 2 hdc.



Row 7

4 hdc, FPdc3tog next three posts, 3 hdc.



Row 9

3 hdc, work 3 FPdc around FPdc3tog two rows below, 2 hdc.



Row 11

2 hdc, [FPdc, hdc] three times.



Row 13

4 hdc, FPdc around ctr FPdc two rows below, 3 hdc.



Eoh - “Yew”

[eo]

Modern “I”

(as in “spill”)

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, work 2 FPdc around hdc two rows below, 2 hdc.



Row 5

4 hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPtr.



Row 7

4 hdc, FPdc, 3 hdc.



Row 9

Rep Row 7.



Row 11

3 hdc, FPtr around hdc two rows below and two sts to the right, FPdc, 3 hdc.



Row 13

4 hdc, FPdc2tog next two posts, 3 hdc.



Peorth - unknown

[p]

Modern “P”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

2 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the right, 2 hdc, FPtr around hdc two rows below and two sts to the left, hdc, FPdc around same hdc just worked around for FPtr.



Row 5

3 hdc, FPdc/FPtr tog next two posts, 3 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

7 hdc, FPdc.



Row 9

Rep Row 7.



Row 11

2 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below and one st to the left, 2 hdc, FPtr around same hdc just worked around for FPdc, hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

Hdc, FPdc, 5 hdc, FPtr/FPdc tog next two posts.




Ilx - “Elk-Sedge”

[ks]

Modern “X”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 3 hdc.



Row 5

Rep Row 3.



Row 7

Rep Row 3.



Row 9

Rep Row 3.



Row 11

3 hdc, work 3 FPdc around next FPdc, 2 hdc.



Row 13

Hdc, FPtr, 2 hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPtr.



Sigel - “Sun”

[s/z]

Modern “S” or “Z”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

Hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 6 hdc.



Row 5

Rep Row 3.



Row 7

Hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPdtr around hdc two rows below and three sts to the left, 2 hdc, FPdc around same hdc just worked around for FPdtr.



Row 9

Hdc, FPdc/FPdtr tog next two posts, 5 hdc, FPdc.



Row 11

7 hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

Rep Row 11.



Tiw - “War God”

[t]

Modern “T”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

4 hdc, FPdc around hdc two rows below, 3 hdc.



Row 5

Rep Row 3.



Row 7

Rep Row 3.



Row 9

Rep Row 3.



Row 11

3 hdc, FPtr around hdc two rows below and two sts to the right, FPdc, FPtr around hdc two rows below and two sts to the left, 2 hdc.



Row 13

4 hdc, FPdc3tog next three posts, 3 hdc.



Beorc - “Birch”

[b]

Modern “B”

Row 1

8 hdc.

Row 3

3 hdc, FPdtr around hdc two rows below and four sts to the left, 3 hdc, FPdc around same hdc just worked around for FPdtr.



Row 5

4 hdc, FPdc, 2 hdc, FPdc.



Row 7

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



Row 9

4 hdc, FPdtr, 2 hdc, FPdc around same post just worked around for FPdtr.



Row 11

3 hdc, FPdc, 3 hdc, FPdc.



Row 13

7 hdc, FPdtr/FPdc tog next two posts.



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